People use electronic cigarettes all over the place these days. They are a very common sight in the street, in the park, at parties, and elsewhere.
But do you know how they work?
There is a lot of misunderstanding about the process that allows e-cigarettes to deliver nicotine vapor, so here is a quick overview of how they work.
Overview of E-Cigarettes
First of all, what exactly are e-cigarettes? It’s not that obvious, especially for people who do not vape, because the devices come in many forms and look completely different.
For example, some look exactly like normal cigarettes, while others do not resemble cigarettes at all.
E-cigs were created by Hon Lik, a pharmacist from China, in 2003. After he invented the first device, e-cigarettes have been sold all over the world and they have taken on many different forms.
However, no matter what they look like, they all do the same general thing, which is to take an e-liquid that contains nicotine and convert it into vapor so it can be delivered via breathing into the lungs.
Standard Components in E-Cigs
Despite their different appearances, most e-cigarettes contain a few specific components in order to work effectively.
First of all, they have a cartridge that contains the e-liquid. Some of these come with e-liquid already in the cartridge, and some can be refilled by the users with things like Twelve Monkeys eliquid.
The e-liquid, or e-juice, comes in different flavors and nicotine strengths, as well as other chemicals. Most e-juice contains propylene glycol, an additive that is approved by the FDA.
E-cigarettes will also include a battery, and this is usually a lithium battery that can sometimes be recharged. It’s similar to batteries used in other gadgets like cell phones.
The atomizer is the part that heats up to convert the liquid into vapor. In addition, there is a sensor that turns on the atomizer when you breathe in.
Some e-cigs also have a LED light on the end that lights up when the user inhales. This mimics the flame on a standard cigarette, and it is often found on the disposable e-cigarettes that look like normal cigarettes.
While these are the main components, you will find many brands to choose from, as well as many models and different types of e-liquid, each providing a different experience.
How They Work: The Basic Process
No matter which type of e-cigarette is being used, the basic process of how e-cigarettes work is that the atomizer heats up the liquid until it reaches boiling point. This happens almost instantly, and it turns the liquid into vapor, just like the process used in fog machines in discos.
The user can then inhale the vapor like smoke, and this gives the activity of using an e-cigarette the name “vaping.”
Some e-cigarettes come separately in different parts, but others come in a disposable unit that combines the e-juice cartridge and the atomizer.
The vapor contains nicotine, but varieties with no nicotine are also available. However, it does not contain tar or the other dangerous chemicals found in cigarettes.
While there is still a lack of research about the safety of e-cigarettes, many experts claim that they are safer to use than cigarettes.
Simple But Revolutionary
The e-cigarette has only been around for just over a decade, but already it has become popular all over the world. Primarily used as an aid to quit smoking, it is a relatively simple device, but it is clear that it has—and will continue to have—a big impact.