Future Technology News Artificial Intelligence, Medical Breakthroughs, Virtual Reality 2016-07-28T20:10:06Z http://www.gizmocrazed.com/feed/atom/ GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[NASA Awards Protective Services Contract at Kennedy Space Center]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28144 2016-07-28T20:10:06Z 2016-07-28T20:10:06Z NASA has selected Chenega Infinity, LLC of Chantilly, Virginia, to provide protective services at the agency’s Kennedy Space Center in ... Read More

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NASA has selected Chenega Infinity, LLC of Chantilly, Virginia, to provide protective services at the agency’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

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GizmoCrazed Staff <![CDATA[“Super-bugs” curable with human boogers]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28139 2016-07-28T15:14:03Z 2016-07-28T15:14:03Z Researchers have isolated a bacterium in the nose that works as an antibiotic against Staph. Biologists have discovered that a ... Read More

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Researchers have isolated a bacterium in the nose that works as an antibiotic against Staph.

Biologists have discovered that a bacterium in the human nose can produce antibiotics to destroy Staphylococcus aureus, a bacterium that causes many conditions including Toxic Shock Syndrom, skin infections and food poisoning.

The researchers behind the Nature study found that the antibiotic, which they named Lugdunin, is so powerful it can even kill antibiotic resistant strains of Staph.

The researchers tested the Lugdunin antibiotic as a topical agent on mice with a Staph skin infection and found that it treated all forms of the disease effectively.

The study examined nasal swabs from 187 hospitalized patients and discovered that 30 percent of these patients carried the Staphylococcus aureus bacterium, while the antibiotic-producing bacterium Staphylococcus lugdunensis was found in 9 percent of the swabs.

Patients who carried the lugdunensis bacterium were much less likely to have a Staph colonization in their noses- in fact, only 5.9 percent had Staph, in comparison to 34.7 percent of those without the lugdunensis bacterium.

The researchers say that the results are a step forward in the efforts to avoid the rise of antibiotic-resistant “Super-bugs,” such as MRSA. However, research into new forms of antibiotics is essential.

Bernhard Krismer, the research lead author, says there’s more work to be done in other areas: “It is crucial to reduce the number of prescribed antibiotics, to sparingly use last resort antibiotics, and to dramatically reduce the number of antibiotics in animal breeding.”

 

 

Source

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GizmoCrazed Staff <![CDATA[Human tissue can now be printed from stem cells using nanotechnology]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28133 2016-07-26T11:02:51Z 2016-07-26T15:00:27Z It’s the stuff of science fiction: technology that can print a human organ. The first step towards turning big-screen fantasy ... Read More

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It’s the stuff of science fiction: technology that can print a human organ.

The first step towards turning big-screen fantasy into everyday reality has been taken by Israel’s Nano Dimension, which makes 3D printers.

Through a collaboration with another Israeli company, biotechnology firm Accellta of Haifa, Nano Dimension has been able to mix human stem cells into its 3D printer ink.

When expelled through the more than 1,000 tiny nozzles of a Nano Dimension DragonFly 3D printer, the ink can form into human tissue.

While the technology is still at the proof-of-concept stage, and going from simple tissue to a full organ is a daunting and uncharted process, the possibilities for saving lives by “Printing” a new liver or lung are staggering.

CEO Amit Dror stressed that Nano Dimension is not the only company to offer biotech printing.

Before Nano Dimensions teamed up with Accellta, printing even a minuscule tissue would take overnight under particular lab conditions and be used mainly for research.

Nano Dimension’s breakthrough is a somewhat serendipitous detour from its primary business, which is printing PCBs, the printed circuit boards that go into everything from cell phones to smart refrigerators.

As its name suggestions, Nano Dimension uses nanotechnology to print the metal part of a circuit board using “Ink” in which tiny silver particles are suspended.

Silver melts only at a temperature of 961.8 degrees Celsius, too hot for a printer, but when it’s taken down to the nano level, it can remain liquefied at between 100 and 200 Celsius, Dror said.

Once it’s printed, the silver cools down, and the PCB is ready.

Nano Dimension is the only 3D printer company today that focuses on PCB production.

Dror has often turned down proposals from potential partners wanting to collaborate on various types of projects beyond PCBs. “We haven’t wanted to get defocused,” he said.

“We’re pretty good at creating and reproducing stem cells,” Accellta CEO Itzchak Angel told Dror.

“But we don’t have the technology to allocate the cells into a tissue. For that, we need a printer.”

“It’s not trivial to take nanomaterials and print them accurately.”

“We had to make sure we didn’t electrify and kill the stem cells when the inkjet is spitting them out,” Dror said.

The third type of ink that doesn’t include stem cells solidifies the result.

After the tissue is printed, it’s sent to Accellta for incubation.

Nano Dimension’s stock price soared 17 percent on the day it announced its stem-cell printing collaboration with Accellta.

While 3D bioprinting is a “Very hot topic,” Dror said, Nano Dimension isn’t giving up on its PCB business.

At the end of Q1 2016, the public company had $7.6 million in the bank, and will soon start rolling out its first commercial 3D printers for PCB production.

Dror may spend his days thinking about 3D printers and stem cells, but at night, he can kick back with a locally brewed whiskey.

Along with Nano Dimension chief business officer Simon Fried, Dror cofounded Tel Aviv’s Milk and Honey Distillery, which makes bourbon and rye-based whiskies, and in 2018 will release Israel’s first kosher single malt as a special bonus exclusively for supporters of Milk and Honey’s Indiegogo crowdfunding campaign.

The rest of us will have to wait a bit longer, unless, of course, Nano Dimension starts printing whiskey as the next evolution of its 3D expertise.

 

 

Source

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GizmoCrazed Staff <![CDATA[Artificial Muscles will be the Next Big Thing in Soft Robotics]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28125 2016-07-24T17:20:54Z 2016-07-24T17:20:54Z Actuators, the artificial muscles for soft robots, usually use pneumatics or hydraulics. There is a solution for this in the ... Read More

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Actuators, the artificial muscles for soft robots, usually use pneumatics or hydraulics.

There is a solution for this in the form of dielectric elastomers.

Dielectric elastomers have some of the essential qualities necessary for this use including good insulation and soft materials, but they lack the ability to provide high voltage and rigid components so that their form can be maintained.

A new dielectric elastomer has been developed by researchers at the John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard that can work with low-voltage, offers a better range of motion and doesn’t require rigid components.

A graduate student from the school and the first author of the study paper named Mishu Duduta says that this soft robotic could potentially be the Holy Grail for soft robotics.

The research that has been carried out offers solutions for the issues with soft actuation.

The team of researchers used two different materials to build the dielectric elastomer including a carbon nanotubes electrode that had been developed already in the Clarke Lab.

When these two materials were used together, they complemented each other perfectly and as a result, the new device was able to outperform other dielectric elastomer actuators.

Most elastomers have to be pre-stretched before they can be attached to a rigid frame and thus offer only a limited motion range.

Thin nanotubes made of carbon replaced the commonly used carbon grease as the electrode.

When these nanotubes are used the energy density does not decrease, and the elastomer stiffness does not increase.

The research team put together a multilayer of elastomers and electrodes so that one electrode could power both the elastomer above it and below it.

According to Duduta, it’s important to make a dielectric elastomer fragile since the thicker the material, the more voltage is required.

If the elastomer is too thin, it won’t be able to produce enough force and will be flimsy.

She goes on to say that this research has been particularly significant due to the combining of the materials and their processing to overcome the current limitations of pre-stretching and high-voltage use.

The potential for this actuator is quite limitless since it could be utilized for a variety of devices including complex robotic artificial muscles, soft robots, laparoscopic tools or elastic grippers.

 

 

Source

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GizmoCrazed Staff <![CDATA[Edward Snowden has designed an iPhone device that warns you if NSA is listening]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28121 2016-07-22T15:23:34Z 2016-07-22T15:30:27Z When Edward Snowden met with reporters in a Hong Kong hotel room to spill the NSA’s secrets, he famously asked ... Read More

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When Edward Snowden met with reporters in a Hong Kong hotel room to spill the NSA’s secrets, he famously asked them to put their phones in the fridge to block any radio signals that might be used to activate the devices’ microphones or cameras silently.

Now Snowden’s attempting to build a solution that’s far more compact than a hotel mini-bar.

On Thursday at the MIT Media Lab, Snowden, and well-known hardware hacker Andrew “Bunnie” Huang plan to present designs for a case-like device that wires into your iPhone’s guts to monitor the electrical signals sent to its internal antennas.

The aim of that add-on, Huang and Snowden say, is to offer a constant check on whether your phone’s radios are transmitting.

Snowden and Huang are hoping to offer strong privacy guarantees to smartphone owners who need to shield their phones from government-funded adversaries with advanced hacking and surveillance capabilities-particularly reporters trying to carry their devices into hostile foreign countries without always revealing their locations.

“One real journalist in the right place at the right time can change history,” Snowden told the MIT Media Lab crowd via video stream.

“They’re overseas, in Syria or Iraq, and those have exploits that cause their phones to do things they don’t expect them to do,” Huang elaborated to WIRED in an interview ahead of the MIT presentation.

Huang’s and Snowden’s solution to that radio-snitching problem is to build a modification for the iPhone 6 that they describe as an “Introspection engine.” Their add-on would appear to be little more than an external battery case with a small mono-color screen.

Huang says it could even flip a “Kill Switch” to turn off the phone automatically.

“Our approach is: state-level adversaries are powerful, assume the phone is compromised,” Huang says.

Faraday bags can still leak radio information, Huang says, and smart malware can make an iPhone appear to be switched off when it’s not, as Snowden warned in an NBC interview in 2014.

Regardless, Huang says their intention was to allow reporters to disable a phone’s radio signals reliably while still using the device’s other functions, like taking notes and photographs or recording audio and video.

Snowden, who performed the work in his capacity as a director of the Freedom of the Press Foundation, adds that their goal isn’t merely just protection for journalists.

“You need to be able to increase the costs of getting caught,” Snowden said in a video call with WIRED following the presentation.

Huang and Snowden’s iPhone modification, for now, is little more than design.

To head off any potential mistrust of their Chinese manufacturers, Huang says the device’s code and hardware design will be fully open-source.

Huang, who lives in Singapore but travels monthly to meet with hardware manufacturers in Shenzhen, says that the skills to create and install their hardware add-on are commonplace in mainland China’s thriving iPhone repair and modification markets.

“This is something where, if you’re the New York Times, and you want to have a pool of four or five of these iPhones, and you have a few hundred extra dollars to spend on them, we could do that.” says Huang.

Snowden says he first met Huang after recommending him to television producers at Vice, who were looking for hardware hacking experts.

“He’s one of the hardware researchers I respect the most in the world,” Snowden says.

In late 2015, they began talking via the encrypted communications app Signal about Snowden’s idea of building an altered phone to protect journalists from advanced attacks that could compromise their location.

Huang says he’s tried to develop the most no-frills protection possible that still meets Snowden’s rightfully paranoid standards.

“If it wasn’t for the fact that Snowden is involved, I think this would seem pretty mundane,” Huang says almost bashfully.

 

 

Source

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GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[NASA Establishes Institute to Explore New Ways to Protect Astronauts]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28119 2016-07-20T20:16:56Z 2016-07-20T20:16:56Z NASA is joining with Baylor College of Medicine in Houston to operate a new institute charged with researching and developing ... Read More

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NASA is joining with Baylor College of Medicine in Houston to operate a new institute charged with researching and developing innovative approaches to reduce risks to humans on long-duration exploration missions, including NASA’s Journey to Mars.

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GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[NASA’s Hubble Telescope Makes First Atmospheric Study of Earth-Sized Exoplanets]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28117 2016-07-20T17:29:16Z 2016-07-20T17:29:16Z Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have conducted the first search for atmospheres around temperate, Earth-sized planets beyond our solar ... Read More

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Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have conducted the first search for atmospheres around temperate, Earth-sized planets beyond our solar system and found indications that increase the chances of habitability on two exoplanets.

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GizmoCrazed Staff <![CDATA[Pokémon Go requires full access to your entire Google account]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28112 2016-07-20T17:08:07Z 2016-07-20T17:08:07Z While Pokémon GO users are collecting all 150 of the game’s fictional species of creatures, Niantic and Nintendo are gaining ... Read More

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While Pokémon GO users are collecting all 150 of the game’s fictional species of creatures, Niantic and Nintendo are gaining access to and gather a lot of your personal information.

It’s not just the ability to track your location or the fact that the app is linked to your Google account that’s worrisome; most users accepted a level of invasive monitoring willingly, given the game is about GPS-based hunting.

Anyone who signed up for Pokémon Go with a Google account has perhaps unknowingly given Nintendo and developer Niantic full account access.

Theoretically, this permission could allow Niantic and Nintendo’s subsidiary The Pokémon Company to see/edit/collect just about anything related to your Google account.

Emails, photos, documents, all of your former location and search history: it can see all of this stuff, from even before you started using the app.

It’s a potentially disastrous security risk: just one hack or leak of user information would mean compromises in Google information for a group of people about as large as the number of daily active users for Twitter on Android.

Even if the data isn’t hacked, these two companies are already getting access to your info-pictures, emails, documents-basically everything they could ever want, except a few key abilities like using Google Wallet, changing your password, or deleting your account).

Whether they’re using those abilities or not is an entirely separate matter, but unless Niantic wants to help you build spreadsheets to keep track of your Pokémon, and email your friends to brag about it, this is entirely unwarranted access.

Developer Niantic clarified to Business Insider that Pokémon Go requesting this kind of broad access to players’ Google accounts wasn’t intentional, and added it was never used to look at players’ account information, other than their email address and user ID. The company further explained the issue was a bug in the iOS version of Pokémon Go and said it would be fixed in an upcoming update.

 

 

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GizmoCrazed Staff <![CDATA[E-Liquid Safety: Get the Facts]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28106 2016-07-19T18:08:44Z 2016-07-19T17:59:45Z E-liquids have come under scrutiny following a spate of sensationalist news reports on poisoning incidents. While the nicotine in e-liquids ... Read More

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E-liquids have come under scrutiny following a spate of sensationalist news reports on poisoning incidents. While the nicotine in e-liquids means that they need to be handled and stored with care, they’re no more dangerous than other common household items. A few common-sense measures could prevent poisonings from occurring.

E-cigarettes are a hotly debated topic. E-liquids, the vaporizable fluids used in e-cigarettes, have come under particular scrutiny. Reports of a spike in the number of calls to poison control centers regarding incidents involving these liquids have fueled anxieties regarding vapor technology. Just how big a danger are e-liquids?

Nicotine, the active ingredient in tobacco, is well-known to be toxic in large enough doses. Since e-cigarettes are intended primarily as an alternative to tobacco, most e-liquids do contain a small percentage of liquid nicotine. Properly used, however, there are no reasons why good-quality e-liquids should pose a risk of poisoning. Problems arise when the fluids are mishandled and the manufacturer’s advice isn’t followed.

Nicotine is toxic by ingestion, and contact with the skin. At high enough concentrations, it can also be toxic by inhalation; however, inhaling a dangerous dose of nicotine from e-liquids is unlikely. If e-liquids are swallowed or splashed onto the skin, however, a dangerous amount of the substance may be absorbed. While no-one is known to have been killed by e-liquids, it’s theoretically possible to swallow enough to contain a fatal dose.

That said, e-liquids in themselves are no more dangerous than other substances that we all use every day. Perfumes, over-the-counter medications, and cleaning supplies are just some of the many household products that can be toxic if mishandled. Few people seriously discuss banning detergent pods or cough syrup, yet people are regularly poisoned by these. E-liquids fall into a similar category. To avoid poisoning incidents, it’s necessary to use a little common sense when handling or storing them.

When buying e-liquids, always choose the lowest nicotine concentration that you need and seek out products that are laboratory-tested by an independent body. Look for products that come with child-safe caps and long dripper nozzles—this makes spillages less likely. When refilling, take care to avoid overfilling the reservoir or spilling the liquid. Wipe up any spilled e-liquids with paper towels and dispose of these carefully. If any of the liquid gets onto your skin, immediately wash it off with copious amounts of clean waters.

Those who are particularly concerned over e-liquid safety could consider switching to nicotine-free products. The fluids used for the base of an e-liquid — propylene glycol and vegetable glycerine — are safe and widely used in the food industry, while the flavorings are typically food grade compounds that are ingested every day with no ill-effects.

Another possibility is changing to non-refillable cartridges or disposable e-cigarettes. Although slightly more expensive, disposable products are still a fraction of the price of conventional cigarettes and don’t need liquid refills. Disposable e-cigarettes and cartridges still use fluids containing nicotine, of course, so they shouldn’t be tampered with or opened.

As with conventional smoking materials, e-liquids should always be kept out of the reach of children. Those little bottles full of sweet-smelling liquid can be very attractive to inquisitive youngsters, so store your e-liquids somewhere out of sight. E-cigarettes, cartridge refills, and other accessories should be stored safely away as well.


Author Bio:
Maggie Martin is completing her Ph.D. in Cell Biology, works as a lab tech for Mybiosource.com and contributes content on Biotech, Life Sciences, and Viral Outbreaks. Follow on Twitter @MaggieBiosource

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GizmoCrazed Staff <![CDATA[What’s Next for Apple Pay?]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=28098 2016-07-19T16:47:59Z 2016-07-19T16:30:43Z For many of us, it feels like Apple is already taking over the world with new products coming out every ... Read More

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For many of us, it feels like Apple is already taking over the world with new products coming out every day. Their Apple Pay product is rapidly becoming a household name, but what’s next for this sector? Here are our predictions for where you’ll see Apple Pay going next:

ATMs

In the not too distant past, the idea of using a machine to get your cash would have been bizarre. Now, the automatic teller machine is everywhere and could be a target for Apple. Imagine walking up to one of these machines and interacting with it through your Apple Watch, no cards required. This would need an extra layer of security, like a biometric scanner, but it’s still in its gestation period.

Whats Next for Apple Pay - 1

Personal Payments

PayPal rolled out their personal payments service in 2015, which allows you to transfer money to friends. With the Apple ethos of an end to end control, this may be something that you could only do with your Apple owning friends. Tapping phones together or using iMessage could be ways that this would work.

Online Payments

There’s one big name in the online payments industry and that’s PayPal, who are ubiquitous. There are many PayPal bingo sites, like all those on www.newpaypalbingo.com , but so far no Apple Pay ones. If you enjoy playing bingo or even just purchasing online, then the more options you have to use safe payments the better. Online gambling and bingo users make up a massive portion of the people that use these payments, so it would make sense for Apple to appeal to them.

Whats Next for Apple Pay - 2

Apple Banking

It’s not beyond the realms of possibility that Apple could potentially open and run their own bank. If you’re using Apple Pay to bank, then why not cut out the middle man and have an Apple Card? We love to predict the future here at GizmoCrazed, and this is one we think will come true in the near future.

Artificial Intelligence

With options like Siri on their devices, Apple is one of the few companies making useable AI tech. This could be integrated with the payment method in another addition to the Internet of Things. Whether you’re a fan of the collaboration between devices or prefer your privacy, this could become an option.

Whats Next for Apple Pay - 3
Imagine asking Siri for a recommendation and then she simply uses your Apple Pay account to purchase it for you. Or if she picked things based on your preference, this might sound a bit spooky but it’s the way things are headed!

World Domination

This is a bit of a joke but there’s truth in there too, as Apple is constantly taking their products to new markets. They’re trying to conquer every market, from India to South America with tailored advertising and products.

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