Future Technology News Artificial Intelligence, Medical Breakthroughs, Virtual Reality 2016-06-24T19:49:59Z http://www.gizmocrazed.com/feed/atom/ GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[NASA TV to Air Russian Cargo Ship Movement at Space Station]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27949 2016-06-24T19:49:59Z 2016-06-24T19:49:59Z A Russian cargo ship currently docked to the International Space Station will undock for a short test flight on Friday, ... Read More

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A Russian cargo ship currently docked to the International Space Station will undock for a short test flight on Friday, July 1. NASA Television coverage will begin at 1:15 a.m. EDT.

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GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[NASA Brings Journey to Mars and Beyond to ESSENCE Festival]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27947 2016-06-24T16:39:19Z 2016-06-24T16:39:19Z Visitors to the 2016 ESSENCE Festival in New Orleans will have a chance to explore the universe through a range ... Read More

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Visitors to the 2016 ESSENCE Festival in New Orleans will have a chance to explore the universe through a range of activities, including first-ever festival stage presentations, during NASA Week, a celebration of space exploration to be held June 29-July 3, in conjunction with ESSENCE Festival, which begins June 30.

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GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[Transportation Department, NASA, Partners Visit Charlotte to Open Test Lab to Streamline Air Travel]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27945 2016-06-24T15:58:07Z 2016-06-24T15:58:07Z U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx and NASA Administrator Charles Bolden today marked the official opening of a new airspace technology ... Read More

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U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx and NASA Administrator Charles Bolden today marked the official opening of a new airspace technology demonstration laboratory at Charlotte Douglas International Airport in Charlotte, North Carolina.

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GizmoCrazed Staff <![CDATA[Can you beat an A.I. at Poker?]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27912 2016-06-24T14:25:16Z 2016-06-24T14:25:50Z The Implications of a Poker Playing Computer In 1996, a computer by the name of Deep Blue made history in ... Read More

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The Implications of a Poker Playing Computer

In 1996, a computer by the name of Deep Blue made history in becoming the first ever machine to win a chess game against a world champion. The chess master in question was Garry Kasparov, and his match against Deep Blue was explored in the documentary ‘Game Over: Kasparov and the Machine’.

It was a technological milestone which prompted debate on the nature of artificial intelligence and caused a disgruntled Kasparov to accuse Deep Blue’s developers of cheating. Kasparov suspected there was an actual human observing the game and instructing the machine accordingly.

Today, the idea of computers beating a human player at chess is no longer far-fetched – having been tested and proved several times over. Playing chess against an A.I. is now so common that you’ll find people doing it on their mobile phones during a long commute. With the extraordinary technological advancements undertaken in recent years, it’s no surprise that a machine is capable of strategic calculations and deduction skills – such as those used in a game of chess.

But what about poker? What about a game where success can be greatly influenced by even the smallest of variables, and where it is not just the moves that count – but the humanistic manner in which a player makes those moves?

Poker is different from chess in many ways. In particular, it is far more difficult to determine what makes a ‘good move’ or ‘bad move’ in poker, as so much of the game is based on intuition and psychology, as opposed to pure odds calculation. Certainly, a fatigue-immune computer would have the upper hand in being able to instantly apply statistical probability to its decision-making – but how can it understand when another player is bluffing, or choose when to bluff itself?

In ‘Star Trek: The Next Generation’, the amiable Android Data demonstrates this perceived limitation of A.I., when he struggles to comprehend the intuitive nature of poker. While playing against human opponents, he observes their facial expressions and playing habits, but is unable to interpret their meaning. “In the game of poker, there is a moment when a player must decide if an opponent is being deceptive, or actually holds a winning hand. This decision is based not only on the odds but also on an appraisal of the man. Is he bluffing, or does he have the cards?” Data ponders.

Futuristic as it may seem, the last ten years have seen poker-playing computers reach a level whereby the can play against humans with an almost 90% win rate. Bjorn Li is highly successful professional poker player. “As a human, you always try to get in people’s heads. With this [computer] … he just plays according to his algorithms,” he says during his participation in a Brains vs. A.I. poker tournament. A computer called Polaris was the first to achieve a win rate over 50% in poker, but more recently a technology called Claudico has been impressing poker pros around the world.

Oren Etzioni, an expert in A.I., explains that the computers are simply taught very specialized tricks for winning at Texas Hold’Em, then adapt their algorithm with every game they play. Tuomas Sandholm, the creator of Claudico, explains “The computer definitely bluffs and does all sorts of other tricks that human poker players know, but the key is that we don’t program in the bluffing. So the algorithms themselves figure out the strategy, how to bluff, when to bluff, in what situations and so forth.” These self-teaching computers are not to be confused with the randomized and illegal ‘poker bots’ that are sometimes present in online poker rooms.

On the one hand, a computer’s ability to play poker demonstrates something poker players have been arguing for decades – that poker is as much a game of skill and strategy as it is about luck. This has important implications with regards to poker’s status as a ‘gambling game’ and, subsequently, its legality in many parts of the world.

Even more significantly, however, is the implications a poker-capable computer carries with regards to the future of A.I. decision making. Poker isn’t the only game which requires an understanding of bluffing, after all. Will there come a time when a machine is able to make complex strategic business decisions, or negotiate political deals, based on its understanding of human psychology and – more specifically – bluffing?

Arguably, a computer could become even more skilled than humans in making such decisions as computers are devoid of an ego and can, therefore, behave based on pure, unbiased logic. In other words, the poker-playing computer has fascinating – and perhaps unsettling – implications within the world of A.I. Maybe thirty years from now, we’ll be banning androids from entering the World Series of Poker…

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GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[NASA Extends Hubble Space Telescope Science Operations Contract]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27919 2016-06-23T20:33:33Z 2016-06-23T20:33:33Z NASA is contractually extending science operations for its Hubble Space Telescope an additional five years. The agency awarded a sole ... Read More

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NASA is contractually extending science operations for its Hubble Space Telescope an additional five years. The agency awarded a sole source contract extension Thursday to the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy for continued Hubble science operations support at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore.

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GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[NASA to Discuss, Broadcast Booster Test for Space Launch System Rocket]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27917 2016-06-23T19:43:42Z 2016-06-23T19:43:42Z The booster for the world’s most powerful rocket, NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS), which will power the agency’s astronauts on ... Read More

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The booster for the world’s most powerful rocket, NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS), which will power the agency’s astronauts on the journey to Mars, will fire up for a major ground test at 10:05 a.m. EDT (8:05 a.m. MDT) Tuesday, June 28, at Orbital ATK Propulsion Systems’ test facilities in Promontory, Utah.

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GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[NASA Administrator Bolden and Transportation Secretary Foxx to Announce New Technology at Charlotte International Airport]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27906 2016-06-22T17:31:38Z 2016-06-22T17:31:38Z NASA, the FAA, American Airlines the National Air Traffic Controllers Association (NATCA) and the Charlotte Douglas International Airport are collaborating ... Read More

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NASA, the FAA, American Airlines the National Air Traffic Controllers Association (NATCA) and the Charlotte Douglas International Airport are collaborating on a five-year effort to streamline aircraft arrival, departure and airport surface operations; research and testing will be led out of Charlotte Douglas International Airport in North Carolina.

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GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[Next SpaceX Commercial Cargo Launch Now No Earlier Than July 18, US Media Accreditation Remains Open]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27903 2016-06-21T22:11:01Z 2016-06-21T22:11:01Z The next SpaceX commercial cargo resupply services mission for NASA to the International Space Station now is targeted for launch ... Read More

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The next SpaceX commercial cargo resupply services mission for NASA to the International Space Station now is targeted for launch no earlier than 12:45 a.m. EDT Monday, July 18.

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GizmoIFTTT <![CDATA[NASA Uploads App for Apple TV]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27901 2016-06-21T21:47:23Z 2016-06-21T21:47:23Z Apple TV? There’s a NASA app for that. from NASA http://ift.tt/28NLSpG via IFTTT

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Apple TV? There’s a NASA app for that.

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GizmoCrazed Staff <![CDATA[Healthier and Tastier Chocolate will soon be available]]> http://www.gizmocrazed.com/?p=27898 2016-06-22T01:27:23Z 2016-06-21T18:00:02Z Leave it to scientists to take something as awesome as chocolate and make it even better. By running liquid chocolate ... Read More

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Leave it to scientists to take something as awesome as chocolate and make it even better.

By running liquid chocolate through an electric field, they were able to remove up to 20% of the fat while making the end product tastier.

Rongjia Tao, a physicist at Temple University in Philadelphia, had used a similar technique to improve the viscosity of crude oil so that it would be easier to transport through miles of underwater pipelines.

A consulting firm working on behalf of Mars Inc., the company that makes M&Ms and Snickers bars, reached out to him to see if the method might apply to chocolate as well, he said.

Chocolate beans have two main components, cocoa solids, and cocoa butter.

At a microscopic level, the mixture consists of tiny, circular cocoa solids that randomly bump up against each other in the liquid suspension of melted fat and oil.

This principle applies to the cocoa solids in chocolate.

So to keep chocolate fluid enough to flow through processing machines, there has to be a certain amount of melted fat mixed in.

If chocolate is too thick and gooey, it simply won’t move at the required pace.

Tao and his colleagues thought they might be able to solve the problem by borrowing an electric pulse technique from the oil industry.

In the lab, they built their device so they could measure the rate at which chocolate flowed through a tube a little wider than a cocktail straw.

Before sending the chocolate into the tube, they ran it through a pipe fitted with a series of metal mesh screens that produced an electric field when a current was run between them.

As the liquid chocolate passed through the electric field, the individual cocoa solids transformed from symmetrical circles to elongated, pill-shaped chains.

This allowed the solids to pack together more tightly, which decreased the viscosity of the chocolate and improved the flow.

Then Tao had an amazing insight: “I realized, this technology can not only reduce the viscosity, but it can also reduce the level of fat.”

With the chocolate flowing more freely, it takes less fat to keep the chocolate from clogging up the works.

In several trials, the researchers found that they could decrease the fat content by 10% to 20%. As if that weren’t enough, some members of the research team thought the electric-field-treated chocolate tasted better, too.

By reducing the fat content, the cocoa solids have more of a chance to stand out, said Tao, who added that he now has more than 300 pounds of leftover chocolate in his lab.

“I love chocolate and eat it quite frequently,” he said.

“I will eat more chocolate once it has less fat.”

 

 

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