Top 10 Reasons The Moon Landings Could Be A Hoax


The results of recent surveys have shown that roughly 20% of Americans still believe, to this day, that the U.S. never really did make it to the moon. Conspiracy theorists even came up with the theory that the first ever moon landing was faked by the U.S. government as a way to claim victory in the space race against Russia. Of course they had to come up several reasons to support the claim and the following are just 10 of the many reasons why.

10. The Waving Flag

 Top 10 Reasons The Moon Landings Could Be A Hoax

When the first moon landing was broadcasted on live television, it was obvious how the American flag seemed to be waving and fluttering as astronauts, Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong, planted it. This wouldn’t have been such an issue except for the fact that there is no air in the moon’s atmosphere and therefore no wind whatsoever to cause such an effect on the flag.

9. Lack of Impact Crater

 Top 10 Reasons The Moon Landings Could Be A Hoax

The next claim puts forth the notion that there should be a blast crater underneath the lunar module, as a way of its marking its landing, but there were clearly none; no crater was visible both on video footage and photographs of the landings. Even the fine lunar dust covering the moon’s surface didn’t seem to have been displaced.

8. Multiple Light Sources

Picture 12 Top 10 Reasons The Moon Landings Could Be A Hoax

The moon only has one strong light source and that happens to be the sun which is why it’s common sense that all shadows in videos or photographs of the moon landings should run parallel to each other. This wasn’t the case, however, and shadows appeared to be falling in different directions suggesting that there might have been multiple light sources – like that on a film set instead of the moon.

7. The Van Allen Radiation Belt

Picture 21 Top 10 Reasons The Moon Landings Could Be A Hoax

The Van Allen radiation belt surrounds the Earth and is held in practically the same place by the Earth’s magnetic field. It is said that astronauts have to pass through this belt to get to the moon. The catch here, however, is that the belt contains high levels of radiation which could have fried the astronauts, with their not-quite-so-advanced protective layers and coatings, as they made their way to the moon.

6. The Unexplained Object

 Top 10 Reasons The Moon Landings Could Be A Hoax

As seen in the above photograph from the Apollo 12 mission, conspiracy theorists were quick to spot a mysterious object in the reflection of the astronaut’s helmet which bore a very similar resemblance to an overhead spotlight common in film studios. But given the poor quality of the photograph, it’s hard to say if the speculation stands to be true or otherwise.


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  • Pjay (Patti) Pender

    Each of these has been debunked by the Mythbusters.



      • The Doctor

        yes they have I don’t know what you’re smoking or drinking to not believe that but they did. I have proof unlike you ridiculous of an excuse of a theorist. Why do you consider yourselves as such anyway? One of many pieces of evidence:

        • Optimus

          What if Mythbusters are actually the government trying to cover up their tracks?

          • Clara Oswald

            that’s it. they cant put it on tv proving that it was a fake. and i think NASA helped in that test. totaly rigged. ill let you make up your own mind.

        • Chiranjeevi

          Reply to Video.. Did you guys for got to simulate the moons gravity?? Not so convincing
          doing on earth.. Can some one go to moon and show the flat there???

          • Andrea Bovolenta

            irrelevant, the inertia is the point… god, did you go to school?

          • Ed Rhodes

            How would the gravity affect the waving of the flag?

          • David Hague

            I would surmise that as the gravity is only one sixth of that on earth, the downward force would be reduced, hence allowing it to flap about even longer than on earth in a vacuum.

      • The Doctor

        NASA 2 – C.T. 0 as reference from my earlier post

      • The Doctor

        Your move Theorists!

      • Rhyndzu

        Even if mythbusters hadn’t, science has. Do some actual research.

      • Saros

        I will have to agree with Pjay Patti Pender here…Mythbusters didn’t really “bust” all the conspiracy wackiness that comes with the moon landing… An example would be that reflection on the helmet and also even though they have placed a flag in a decompressed tank, it still wasn’t on the moon…. It was on Earth where gravity is much different The marked rocks the photos that are photoshopped!.?…. Mythbusters never fully cracked everything that this world consist of

        • Ed Rhodes

          The theory about the flag is that it shouldn’t move in a vacuum. The gravity field of the moon is not a significant factor in that theory. Also notice video of one of the astronauts is bouncing around the moon’s surface and the flag doesn’t move as it should if a person were bouncing around near it and kicking up a breeze.

    • Johny Cash

      i am sorry for your soul if you rely on mythbusters, mate

      • Ed Rhodes

        …and I’m sorry for yours if you’re buying into the “hoax” game!

  • Eduardo Corrêa

    I don’t believe in this American scam! We can also talk about the technical qualities from that time, for transmissions without delay and the impossibility of photographic films resist such great variation in temperature.

    • flashfast2000

      Hey genius, you think maybe the scientists who sent the astronauts to the moon knew about the temperature variations and designed cameras that would protect the film from the harsh environment? After all, they didn’t spend 25 billion on project Apollo then just send them to the moon with a Kodak Brownie from the 1930′s. What about the fact that it was rocket scientists that sent rocket men to the moon on rockets don’t people like you don’t understand?

      • Joshua Durant

        NASA has had access to new tech before most of the rest of us as they invent a lot of it. So yeah they are going to have better equipment then you do at home.

  • Pingback: Top 10 Conspiracy Theories | GizmoCrazed

  • Liz

    Chloe loves Calneh

  • abhik

    deception is the biggest asset that america has been presenting to the world,so america stop pretending and accept the truth that you are the greatest jerk the world has ever produced.

    • a b

      jealousy of American accomplishments is one of the pettiest downfalls of foreigners

      • Jacob

        Not really…I mean it’s certainly silly but there are much pettier things. You’re talking as if America is the only country to have accomplished anything worthy of jealousy…

        • Pillar_of_Autumn

          I should just come to places like this just to see people fight and argue. Its so funny, how people perceive something in a negative way, just so they can get a chance to argue and cause a problem.

      • Menthol

        Yep, you’ve got us … we’re jealous of your obesity, your murder rates and the war crimes you are committing, and your blindness as to why America is so hated



  • wunkanism

    These are all really old suggestions, and all have clear explanations. I invite anyone doubting this this to google them. Phil Plait is a good explainer. This is a terrible article. How many times does this rubbish need to be debunked?

    • Bruce A. Frank

      At least a frequently as the Global warming hoax.

  • Jimmy Hoffa

    It looks like 20% of Americans are total idiots. The rest are just idiots.

    • Pillar_of_Autumn

      And it seems that 80% of all non-Americans are stereotypes, and the rest are just “do what everyone else does” people. I mean really? If you actually did some reasearch, and talked to some people, you would see your statment is incorrect.

      • Carton

        @Pillar_of_Autumn: Looks like a little humour touches a nerve ….

  • David Loewen

    Wow. So, you guys obviously did 0 research for this article. Every last one of these has been debunked. Numerous times.

    • Tenzin Rob Lowery Gyaltsen

      Debunked by Soros funded snopes?

  • Peter Karl

    in 1969, my brother and I watched the shadow of the apollo command module going across the moon. Then too, Despite all of these Jules Verne critics and their noting of the similarity between his fiction and our reality, there are over tenthousand reasons which show beyond any doubt that we have really been to the moon but then again, you would not want to talk about that because NASA was started by a bunch of NAZI’s and that might make think of another conspiracy theory which was a book like the 1684 publication of Witches Spells which was quite a popular book at the time,much like the book Roots which was a complete hoax but like those fools who think we did not go to the moon, they think that Roots was 100% real, like the Dawin theory of evolution. But, Alex Haily and Charles Darwin both told everyone that their books were only conjecture, probabilty and theory but, no one ever listened to them because we hate to admit that a theory is wrong which why people who complain about “cruelty to animals” eat at some fast food hamburger joint while people who support green peace will drive gasoline powered motorcars. Lets face reality you perverted prevaricates, none of you are very spurious and rather than scutinize what you have before you, you all greet the truth with opprobrium. So now that you realize how all of you autodidacts are as smart as a box of rocks, take your lacking credulity and your quip comments someplace else. THANK YOU

    • Jacob

      The thing that most Americans are missing here is the title. ‘Top 10 reasons…COULD be a hoax.’ Not ’10 reasons it IS a hoax.’ They have simply taken the 10 most speculated about issues. I have no doubt they’ve ALL been debunked, but it’s still interesting. Why do Americans take everything so personally? Just to top it off. Whether Roots is historically accurate or not is fairly irrelevant. The individual story may or may not be true, but that doesn’t mean it holds no relevance to many of the other stories of African slaves.

      • Pillar_of_Autumn

        I think both of you are less then 16 years of age. And where in the HELL did African slaves come into this conversation?

    • Bob

      I don’t think I’m the only one who decided not to waste a precious minute of their lives reading that…

  • Kyle Smith

    There IS wind in space: solar wind. Further, stars on the moon are not visible for the same reason stars cannot be seen during the day on Earth: too much sunlight drowning out other dimmer light sources. On the bright side of the moon, it is ALWAYS daytime. On the dark side, stars are still visible.

    • Eduardo Pineda

      this is so true. not even the ones that published this can argue about this.

    • originalmouse

      the moon is tidally locked to the earth. there isn’t a dark side and light side. there is an earth side and the back side. if one side of the moon always faced the sun, we would see a different version of the face every night, as different portions of it were pointed towards the planet during its orbital cycle.

      but you’re dead-on about the reason there’s no stars in the images.

      as for the “multiple light sources” pic… topology changes how shadows fall. this should be obvious to anyone not living inside a uniformly lit sphere.

  • HubcapDave

    I see you’ve used Jack White’s “photographic analysis” for this article, particularly for the “parallel shadows” and “duplicate backdrop”. Both are utter tripe which I managed to disprove using my own camera.

  • Chicco Scíence

    Is it just my monitor or is the background on number 4 have different shades of color?

  • dodo

    ooooh HOW FAKE- this article presents No evidence it only raises the questions and very bad examples I might add- of course we went to the moon- way too much ancillary evidence

  • Scott Martyn

    Even though it has been proven many times over that we have gone to the moon, it’s still a good to question. You should never follow blindly.

    • Ed Rhodes

      That would be good advice for all those people who are following the “moon hoax” story blindly and ignoring any evidence that doesn’t agree with them.

  • Pillar_of_Autumn

    Its funny. Number 4 actually made me laugh out loud. I am even still chuckling now…Its the fact we have atmosphere that ALLOWS us to see the starts at all…*Sigh* I really love it when people act smart, when they aren’t.

    • awmperry

      Not true, I’m afraid – if it were, the Hubble Space Telescope would be useless.
      The real reason no stars are visible is simply a matter of exposure – the high level of light on the moon’s surface (along with, amongst other things, the absence of any real atmosphere, the high reflectivity of the regolith and the bright white colour of the space suits) meant that the exposures had to be short to avoid completely whiting out the picture. As a result, the stars are simply too dim to show up.

      • cliffvegas

        Lost words on the deaf, I’m afraid. I’m trolling around here just to see how utterly ridiculous (and useless) these conspiracy n-ut-cases have become.

        I was going to say something like “pearls before swine” but I didn’t want to insult the pigs.

    • elvinagrillo

      moron, you just bite your own tongue: “I really love it when people act smart, when they aren’t.” indeed.. LOL



    • Bruce A. Frank

      Yes, they have, but the science is apparently well beyond your understanding.

      • dub

        As is the location of his Caps Lock key!

        • cliffvegas

          And a few other things… like brains?

  • ehdhdnfnek

    It’s like dieing from drinking to much water its real

  • Bruce A. Frank

    Amazing how the lack of scientific education leads those who don’t understand natural phenomenon to think if it appears different than the HOLLYWOOD version would be, it must be an inept fake!

  • We landed

    they had a wire mesh in the flag so they could make it look like it was waving because the flag is meant to wave

  • 082071

    The headline should read ” Top 10 completely DEBUNKED Reasons”. When Galileo discovered & exhibited the Jovian moons to other scientists/astronomers, many of them refused to believe what they saw. They were emotionally invested in their fallacy & chose deliberate ignorance, over hard facts/evidence & logic. Moon hoaxers are much the same way. I bet you could literally fly some of them to the moon, to personally investigate the Apollo landing sites & they’d STILL cry “Hoax!”.

    • Bladewalker56

      Not to mention the fact that using a decent telescope, the Apollo landing sites can actually be seen from Earth. NASA-1, CTs-0.

  • PaulJmsn

    Assuming that they did fake the Apollo 11 landing, what about the other five? Did they fake ALL of them? Wouldn’t there be 6 times as much evidence of a hoax? And where does Apollo 13 fit into all of this?

  • Mark Shariar

    If it was hoax Russian Government Space agency would catch at that time and Russia would not let it go with a hoax!! These losers do not have any knowledge of scientific idea nor a knowledge. These hoaxers are mostly those Bible belt believed far right wing separatist ignorant in the US and abroad.

  • Mark Shariar

    It is so sad that human did not go to the moon after that!

  • John

    I think if it was all fake they would have done a much better job faking it. It’s practically what Americans are best at! They wouldn’t have done such a huge mistake as to have the flag wave if it wasn’t supposed to. Even the dumbest person would catch on to that!

  • wcarver

    Let see astronauts, ground control team, launch teams, A few hundred news outlet reporters, NASA scientists and engineers and no one spilled the beans?? Bah!!
    A conspiracy to defraud the world with an elaborate production involving 1000′s of people. I wonder what the crossover membership between the Lunar Hoax conspiracy and the 911 “truthers” exists??

    • Spades_Neil

      I’m a former 9/11 truther. I am rightfully ashamed of my history with conspiracy theorists.

      But, they’ll never break out of it. I know from experience. Anything
      that opposes what I thought to be truth, I’d reject as media propaganda.
      It wasn’t until I started asking the real question, “Who gains from
      this?” that it all fell apart.

      Most conspiracy theories don’t hold up to that simple question of who
      gains and how much they gain. 9/11 at least had something to gain, and I
      still think the Bush administration turned a blind eye either out of
      foolishness or intentional neglect. (Bush had actually planned to invade
      Iraq, regardless of 9/11, and he had an economic plan to go with it.
      Afghanistan screwed the whole thing up.)

      But the idea that it was an inside job? While I used to believe it
      was, the motives don’t make so much sense anymore. The time and
      resources were unnecessary and impractical. The physics behind it was
      also deluded by conspiracy theorists. A few rogue “scientists” would
      provide me with some validation while I lay in ignorance of what the
      REST of scientists were saying. It’s amazing I never thought global
      warming was a hoax, because it’s the same logic there.

      tl;dr conspiracies are stupid. Take it from me, an ex conspiracy theorist.

      • rockycoffee

        this is about the moon, 9/11 room is back that way <<<< somewhere

  • moonlandingisalie

    When I hear the arguments that support moon landing, I’m even less convinced.

    And in the comments, no one has offered a logical argument, just a bunch of “I’m smart-you’re stupid” comments.

    There was no moon landing. Never was, and never will be.

    It is 2013. and they should be going there at least once a year.
    So how come they don’t?

    They could come back with much better videos and photos.

    But they don’t because they can’t.

    I chose not to believe in moon-landing.

    • rockycoffee

      u just caused me to lose all faith in the human race, how dumb and closed minded are you, how much would an annual trip to the moon cost numbnuts, are u gonna pay 4 it?, im not sayin its true or not, but u gotta look at it from every angle, which i dont think u do

    • Ran1976

      “When I hear the arguments that support moon landing, I’m even less convinced.” you are so open minded to evidence…

    • cliffvegas

      Bwhahahahahaha… okay.

    • MacsAre1

      It’s all Obama’s fault. Bush planned for us to return to the moon by 2015 and build a base there. Obama cancelled it.

    • Steve Moores

      money ,lots and lots of money. your idiot is showing

  • Scott

    The author didn’t say he believed it, he just explained what some other people use as excuses to not buy into the idea.


    If it were true, there will be military bases in the launa. and anyone with common sense would realize the photos, there is simply nothing of dust in the environment and not on the legs of the module, among other evidence …… accept it ….

  • Tim Cunard

    The top one reason why 20% of Americans still believe this.

    • cliffvegas

      oh… i was going to say druu-gs.

  • invicta

    The flag was made of foil and was bent to look like it was blowing in the wind.

    • cliffvegas

      Plus points for better reasoning, however a malfunction caused the wavy look. A tension bar didn’t extend correctly to hold the flag flat.

  • davek92

    How would it even be possible to keep such a ‘hoax’ secret?

  • Findo

    Anyone who believes that we haven’t landed on the Moon should sterilise themselves for the good of humanity.

  • Ran1976

    last I heard, the “C-Rock” photo is supposed to be a copy of the original, which doesn’t have a “c” on it

  • Tim Field

    If the moon landings were faked (and this article of previously debunked theories does nothing to prove it was) don’t you think the USSR would have taken the chance to publicly pants Uncle Sam for the last few years?

  • Kyle Denny

    “Top 10 Reasons why we’ve just decided to insult everyone’s intelligence.”

  • James

    watch mythbusters dudes

  • Drew Dewsall

    This does not explain how in the UK Greenwich observatory they have been monitoring the distance of the Earth to the moon since little mirrors were placed on the moon during the moon landings. Most people simply ignore this fact as it doesn’t fit with the mostly debunked conspiracies.

  • Calv

    Can’t believe people are still falling for these BS. You guys are so damn gullible.

  • Comiszar

    Oh my god. You are literally too stupid to insult. These theories have been debunked. Everyone on this website is now dumber from this brainless article. May god have mercy on your soul…

  • james

    Radio waves travel in a straight line when the astronnaughts spoke to nasa anyone one on earth with moderate radio technology would be able to tell both exact direction and exact distance that the radio signal came from….. china… soviet union…east germany… cuba…. and every other country on earth would know the signal did or didnt originate on the moon. The distance and direction could not be faked for all points on earth…the usa could not afford to bribe every country and astronomer on earth

  • Mark G.

    The Soviets would have quickly exposed this as a fraud if it was fake. They had the technology to do it.

  • Science

    Are you freaking kidding me? This is idiotic, disproved drivel. Moon landing hoax folks are profound idiots.

  • alonewolf

    okay each one of them was probably claimed by an out standing idiot
    1).no air to move it – no air to stop it
    2).blast crater – if the were landing at the speed that may create crater we weren’t wasting our time here
    3).if someone would study art you may understand the perspective of vanishing point you soulless creatures
    4).as i understand it push the radiation to the pole, but lunches are the most effective in the ecuador so the radiation don’t charge up.
    5).mysterious object
    6). you can’t connect everything to a wire, the suit is moving very smooth instead of bouncing
    7).you know why we dont see stars during day? its too bright to see,here the SUN illuminating the surface and the camera adapt to the brightness
    8).although i am impressed of you i can’t believe people are so stupid to put it like that
    9). editing a photo and putting special effort to delete the cross? no photoshop->see 8
    10).sorry to announce you but the moon is big, really big(i head you can see it from space!!!)see 3
    no begone you morons

  • Michael Wagner


  • user

    this is bullshit…

  • Tau Myx

    Blind cynicism is worse than blind faith. The authors trot out these tired accusations without even mentioning that they can be debunked by anyone with any real knowledge on the subjects. Why? Because they value ignorance over knowledge. You should be ashamed of yourselves.
    Example: Why no stars? Because the sun is shining just as brightly as it does on Earth, so the cameras were set for daylight exposure! Even today no camera could possibly image stars like that. Go out one night and find a brightly lit parking lot, and see how many stars YOU can see. You’ll see almost none unless you cup your hands to block anything else but black sky from your vision.

  • Jack the Rigger

    10 -The flag isn’t waving . How can you see a flag waving in a STILL PHOTO? The
    fabric was creased, and there was a rod in the upper edge to keep the flag
    displayed, that’s all. There are only a couple of videos (not still pics) were the flag is “waving”, and those are of the very moments when the astronauts were screwing the flag’s mast in the ground; after leaving the flag alone, in two or three seconds the flag remains still.

    9- Impact crater? Why? The LEM’s descent from the lunar orbit to the surface
    lasted more than two hours, and most of that time was used in braking
    manouvers; so the LEM don’t reached the Moon as a falling brick. At a height of about 10 feet over the surface, the speed of descent was less then ½ foot per second (actually it was more a hovering than even a slow falling) and the exhaust gas pressure at the motor’s nozzle about 10 psi; on the Moon surface, 10 feet below, barely 3 psi. Not enough to blast a crater even in the wet sand of a beach…

    And then the motor stoped, so no exhaust gas pressure closer to the soil, thanks so much.
    Longer and more detailed explanations (equations included) here:

    8 – With multiple light sources what you get are multiple shadows from the same
    object, not ONE shadow from EACH object in different directions. But if the
    ground in front of each of those objects has a different tilt, the effect in
    the pics will be that of shadows in different directions. You can try that at
    home: there´s no risk of any harm (althought is recommended adult supervisión)

    7- Well, the Van Allen Radiation Belt… that last stand of the conspiranoics. The
    levels of radiation in the Belts do change from an area to another (the worst
    of it is in the South Atalntic Anomaly, carefully avoided in the Apolo missions) and also have great variations in intensity due to solar activity (carefully considered when planning and scheduling the flights). With barely 2 to 3 hours travelling across the Belts, the amount of radiation wasn’t enough to do any permanent harm to the astronauts.

    6- Unexplained object, huh?

    5- That’s plain and absolutely false. Serious attemtps to prove that the videos
    are just slow-motion versions of footage filmed at some studio have been made,
    and the outcome is as preposterous as the premise.

    4- My favourite. Well, go and try to get some pics of the stars at 10 A.M. (more or
    less, and taking into account the duration of day and night on the Moon, the
    relative position of the Sun above the horizon, etc, the moment at wich the pics of the moonlandings were made) and then look for stars in your pic.


    Of course, that was in BROAD DAYLIGHT. Well, then, try it at night, far from any
    light sources and in a clear night with no Moon. Even under those conditions,
    it will take you between 25 to 30 seconds of exposition to get the even brightest stars. The Hasselblad cameras employed had just two preset times of exposition (handling more than that with the big cumbersome gloves the astronauts were using was regarded as impractical) Those times of exposition were 1/250 and 1/125 of a second. BETWEEN 2.500 AND 5.000 TIMES LESS THAN THE REQUIRED TIME OF EXPOSITION.

    So, no stars in the moonlanding pics (nor in any pic from any spacial mission, ship or station when illuminated by the sun)

    3- Well, the “C” rock… First, if the only pic you have to show us is that above, go back to ´do your homework. For a start, that pic is just a detail of some bigger ones (labelled AS16-107-17445 and 177446) That can be downloaded in High
    Definition (and with no “C”, of course) here:

    Once there, go to Apollo 16 and the scroll the left tools bar till you found those
    two reference numbers.

    Somebody may think that the “C” has been removed from those pics, but the truth is just the opposite: the “C” is just something caught when doing a photocopy (and a bad one, BTW). And may somebody explain me, please, why prop rocks used when filming a movie do need be LABELED? With a range of labels from “A” to “Z” Huh?

    2 and 1: Well, if you want a real explanation about this two last items, you will find
    it in any good photography webpage. However, the cross hairs issue is related
    to the bright foreground saturating the image and partially erasing the reticle
    crosses (and I cannot imagine why somebody would have edited or painted the
    crosses on the pics… To hide… what???); and the duplicate landscape is an easy
    one: put a friend in front of you, lets say, 20 feet apart, and take a pic with
    a very distant mountain as background. Then, take a step ot two to one side,
    until your friend is no longer in the camera field, and shoot another pic.
    Compare the two pics, and… the background is exactly the same (actually it isn’t, but you will not see the differences) but your friend is nowhere to be seen.

    And that’s all, folks.

  • Scott Woodruff

    Seems to me the flag is doing exactly what it should do considering the moon’s gravity is 1/6th that of the Earth.

  • Pete

    Ask yourself one question….who had the technology to verify the moon landings and at the same time would be very keen to let the world know it was fake? The Russians, and yet they agreed it happened. Besides, there are prisms on the moon placed by man on to which we shine lasers every day in order to precisely measure the distance to the moon. How else would they get there?

  • asgard

    the true hoax is the moon-haox ! why to go to mars in 2030 if we don’t landing in moon before ?
    moon haox debunked in google !!!!

  • David Hague

    The biggest reason to believe it wasn’t faked, is that NASA and the Government haven’t ever bothered to deny it. They are just sitting back and laughing at the conspiracy douchebags.