Top 10 Battlefield Helicopters

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1.The AH-64 Apache

1180 Top 10 Battlefield Helicopters

Following the failure of the Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne, the US Army was forced to issue a new requirement for an advanced attack helicopter for anti-armor and ground support missions. The Army stressed high performance, survivability, and the use of sophisticated weapons and targeting systems to maximize battlefield effectiveness.
To meet these challenges, Hughes Helicopter (later purchased by McDonnell Douglas) designed a rugged tandem two-seat aircraft with powerful engines, advanced avionics, and armor protection over key portions of the vehicle able to absorb up to 23-mm fire. In addition to an armor-plated cockpit able to withstand 12.7-mm strikes, the AH-64 Apache was fitted with energy absorbing landing gear and a collapsible chain gun to maximize crew survivability in a crash.Offensive capability is improved by a nose-mounted target acquisition and night vision system that pivots in coordination with the gunner’s helmet. The Apache’s primary armament consists of Hellfire anti-tank missiles, unguided rocket pods, and a 30-mm chain gun for use against ground targets. In addition, the AH-64 can be armed with Stinger or Sidewinder missiles for use against other helicopters or low-flying aircraft.

The Apache performed well in Panama and the 1991 Gulf War. Iraqi soldiers were so terrified of the helicopter that 10,000 troops once surrendered when three of them appeared. Due to these successes, the more advanced AH-64D was developed to further improve the design’s capabilities. At the heart of the AH-64D is the Longbow fire control radar capable of detecting, locating, classifying, and prioritizing targets while minimizing the vehicle’s exposure to detection by the enemy. With the radome mounted high above the main rotor, the Apache can hide behind natural terrain while scouting the battlefield before popping up to make precision strikes with its fire-and-forget weapons.

In total, over 1,000 Apaches have been built for the US Army and export customers. Some 227 AH-64D Longbow models were built for the Army, and another 470 or so AH-64A models have been upgraded with most of the AH-64D improvements. Further upgrades continue under the Block II and Block III programs to improve avionics systems and flight performance.

Several nations in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East have also purchased variants of the Apache. Over 300 export models have been ordered to date, including nearly 60 assembled by Westland in the United Kingdom. Like the US Army, customers with AH-64A fleets such as Egypt and Saudi Arabia have begun upgrading their aircraft to the AH-64D. Recent sales of the AH-64D have also been completed to the Netherlands, the United Arab Emirates, and Japan.

History:

  • First Flight: (AH-64A) 30 September 1975 ;  (AH-64D) 15 April 1992
  • Service Entry: (AH-64A) 26 January 1984 ; (AH-64D) 1997
  • Retirement: (AH-64A) planned by 2017
  • CREW: 2 ( pilot, weapons officer)
  • ESTIMATED COST: (AH-64A) $10 million ; (AH-64D) $35 million (new build)

DIMENSIONS:

  • Length: 58.26 ft (17.76 m) with rotors turning ;  48.17 ft (14.68 m) ignoring rotors
  • Rotor Diameter: 48.00 ft (14.63 m)
  • Height: 14.13 ft (4.30 m) to top of tail rotor ; 12.89 ft (3.84 m) to top of main rotor ; 16.25 ft (4.95 m) to top of radome
  • Rotor Disk Area: 1,809.5 ft² (168.11 m²)

WEIGHTS:

  • Empty: (AH-64A) 11,385 lb (5,165 kg) ; (AH-64D) 11,800 lb (5,350 kg)
  • Normal Takeoff: (AH-64A) 15,075 lb (6,840 kg) ; (AH-64D) 16,025 lb (7,270 kg)
  • Max Takeoff: (AH-64A) 17,650 lb (8,005 kg) ; (AH-64D) 22,280 lb (10,105 kg)
  • Fuel Capacity internal: 2,440 lb (1,110 kg)
  • Fuel Capacity External: 5,980 lb (2,710 kg)
  • Max Payload: 1,700 lb (770 kg)

PROPULSION:

  • Powerplant: (AH-64A) two General Electric T700-701 turboshafts ; (AH-64D) two General Electric T700-701C turbo shafts
  • Thrust: (AH-64A) 3,392 shp (2,530 kW) ; (AH-64D) 3,880 shp (2,894 kW)

PERFORMANCE:

  • Max Level Speed: (AH-64A) 180 mph (295 km/h) ; (AH-64D) 160 mph (260 km/h)
  • Maximum Climb Rate: (AH-64A) 3,240 ft (990 m) / min ;  (AH-64D) 3,090 ft (940 m) / min
  • Service Ceiling: 21,000 ft (6,400 m)
  • Hover Ceiling (in ground effect): (AH-64A) 15,000 ft (4,570 m) ; (AH-64D) 17,210 ft (5,245 m)
  • Hover Ceiling (out of ground effect): (AH-64A) 11,500 ft (3,505 m) ; (AH-64D) 9,810 ft (2,990 m)
  • Range typical: 260 nm (480 km) [AH-64A] ; 220 nm (410 km) [AH-64D] ; Ferry: 1,025 nm (1,900 km)
  • Endurance: 3 hr 9 min [maximum] ; 2 hr 30 min [typical mission]
  • g-Limits: +3.5 / -0.5

ARMAMENT:

  • Gun: 1 x M230A1 30 mm chain cannon (up to 1,200 rds)
  • Stations: 2 stub wings with 4 hardpoints and 2 wingtip rails
  • Air-to-Air Missile: AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-92 Stinger
  • Air-to-Surface Missile: AGM-114 Hellfire, AGM-122 Sidearm, TOW
  • Bomb: none
  • Other: 70 mm rocket pods, 127 mm rockets

KNOWN COMBAT RECORD:

  • Panama – Operation Just Cause (US Army, 1989)
  • Iraq – Operation Desert Storm (US Army, 1991)
  • Kosovo – Operation Allied Force (US Army, 1999)
  • Israeli-Palestinian conflict (Israel, 2000-present)
  • Afghanistan – Operation Enduring Freedom (US Army, 2001-present; Netherlands, 2004-present)
  • Iraq – Operation Iraqi Freedom (US Army, 2003-present)
  • Gaza Conflict (Israel, 2008-2009)

KNOWN OPERATORS:

  • Bahrain, Bahrain Amiri (Royal Bahraini Air Force)
  • Egypt, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya il Misriya (Egyptian Air Force)
  • Greece, Elliniki Aerosporia Stratou (Hellenic Army Air Arm)
  • Israel, Tsvah Haganah le Israel – Heyl Ha’Avir (Israeli Defence Force – Air Force)
  • Japan, Nihon Rikujyo Jieitai (Japan Ground Self Defence Force)
  • Kuwait, al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya (Kuwaiti Air Force)
  • Netherlands, Koninklijke Luchmacht (Royal Netherlands Air Force)
  • Saudi Arabia, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Malakiya as Sa’udiya (Royal Saudi Air Force)
  • Singapore (Republic of Singapore Air Force)
  • South Korea (Republic of Korea Army)
  • United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates Air Force)
  • United Kingdom (British Army Air Corps)
  • United States (US Army)

3111 Top 10 Battlefield Helicopters


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